FGM refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for cultural or other non-medical reasons. Which international and regional instruments can be referenced for the elimination of FGM? It can also be caused by the autosomal recessive congenital disorder known as Fraser syndrome. Where is FGM practiced? Read more: You need more than just testes to make a penis. A healthy vagina shouldn't be itchy. Adding to the confusion is the fact that health experts in many Eastern and Southern African countries encourage male circumcision to reduce HIV transmission; FGM, on the other hand, can increase the risk of HIV transmission.
Sociology: Understanding a Diverse Society. Supporting an anatomical relationship between the clitoris and vagina is a study published in , which investigated the size of the clitoris; Australian urologist Helen O'Connell, described as having initiated discourse among mainstream medical professionals to refocus on and redefine the clitoris, noted a direct relationship between the legs or roots of the clitoris and the erectile tissue of the clitoral bulbs and corpora, and the distal urethra and vagina while using magnetic resonance imaging MRI technology. Highly innervated , the glans exists at the tip of the clitoral body as a fibro -vascular cap,  and is usually the size and shape of a pea, although it is sometimes much larger or smaller. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Nymphotomia was a medical operation to excise an unusually large clitoris, but what was considered "unusually large" was often a matter of perception. Archived from the original on He said the human clitoris "could have evolved to be much more conspicuous if males had preferred sexual partners with larger brighter clitorises" and that "its inconspicuous design combined with its exquisite sensitivity suggests that the clitoris is important not as an object of male mate choice, but as a mechanism of female choice.
Clitoromegaly - Wikipedia
Biological psychology. Reproductive Health. Believing that vaginal orgasms are "a physiological impossibility" because the vagina has insufficient nerve endings for sexual pleasure or climax, he "concluded that satisfaction from penile penetration [is] mainly psychological or perhaps the result of referred sensation". In spider monkeys , the clitoris is especially developed and has an interior passage, or urethra, that makes it almost identical to the penis, and it retains and distributes urine droplets as the female spider monkey moves around. Experts Debate".
Description: Textbook of Midwifery and Reproductive Health Nursing. Handbook of psychosomatic obstetrics and gynaecology. In Neill, Jimmy D ed. Like Avicenna, Magnus also used the word virga for the clitoris, but employed it for the male and female genitals; despite his efforts to give equal ground to the clitoris, the cycle of suppression and rediscovery of the organ continued, and a 16th-century justification for clitoridectomy appears to have been confused by hermaphroditism and the imprecision created by the word nymphae substituted for the word clitoris.